Joseph was born at Askeaton, Ireland.
He married Sarah Reddin (born at Northampton, England in 1864) at Maldon in Victoria, Australia in 1864.
They had six daughters & three sons. One son, John, is featured in a separate profile. All but the first daughter were born in NZ.
Joseph emigrated to Australia with his parents in 1852 and then he came to NZ in 1868.
For the first few years he was on the West Coast. From there he constantly moved around NZ establishing or having something to do with over 45 newspapers. The bulk of the time Sarah lived in Christchurch which was their main base.