Thomas was born at Haltwhistle, Northumberland, England.
He married Maria Watson (born at Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland in 1841) at Newcastle upon Tyne in 1864.
They had two daughters born in England before they emigrated to NZ. Three more children were born in NZ, including twins. Two did not survive infancy.
Thomas was a hotel leaeholder or hotel keeper & a farmer in the Manawatu region his whole life.
Two of his daughters & their husbands owned property in Railway Block 2 in Oxford St, Levin, between 1903 & 1918.
A grandson (son of Frances) served & was wounded in WW1.